This paper aims to focus on examining the relationships between hotel brand equity (BE), brand satisfaction (BS) and brand loyalty, considering both behavioral loyalty (BL) and attitudinal loyalty (AL). These relationships are tested through seven causal models, i.e. one proposed model (PM) and six alternative models (AMs).
The fieldwork was conducted among 360 hotel guests in Spain in 2016.
The findings reveal that the PM, which considers BL, AL and BS as direct antecedents of BE, performed better than the alternative ones. AL is confirmed as the most significant driving factor of hotel BE, followed by brand image and perceived quality.
More rigorous measurement of brand image could be used as some of its indicators did not result significantly.
AL needs to be highly encouraged, as concerning customers’ subjective disposition and appraisal of a brand helps them maintain preference for the brand over alternatives. In addition, a positive brand image and superior perceived quality should be considered by hotel marketers as a basis for BE building.
The models proposed in this study can be used to examine how hotel BE results from its potential antecedents and outcomes. The significant insight lies in identifying key drivers of BE and in considering the causal relationships between BE, satisfaction and loyalty in hotel firms.
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